Saint Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin

Tribal Statistics

There are currently 1,054 St. Croix tribal members.

The St. Croix Reservation, located mostly in Burnett County, totals 4,689 acres.
• 2,126 acres are tribally owned
• 2,563 acres are considered fee land
• St. Croix has trust land located in Barron, Burnett, and Polk Counties.
• Approximately 735 tribal members live on or near reservation, trust, or fee land

St. Croix is the largest employer in Burnett County and the 2nd largest employer in Barron County (Source: Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development). They employ approximately 2,500 people.

Tribal Government

St. Croix is governed by a five person council.
• The council meets monthly
• Decisions are made by a majority rule
• Elections are held every two years

Brief History

The St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin were federall recognized in 1938. They have lived in what is present day Wisconsin for centuries.

Tribal Services

Law Enforcement
• 22 officers
• Some officers participate in a Memorandum of Understanding with the Burnett County Sheriff’s Department and the Barron County Sheriff’s Department
• Funded primarily with tribal funds, some discretionary federal grants, and Wisconsin Office of Justice Assistance funds

Court System
• 2 judges
• The St. Croix court system handles cases such as tribal ordinances/commercial contract cases, housing evictions, Indian Child Welfare Act cases, and on/off reservation natural resource, fish and wildlife citations
• Funded by U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission and tribal funds


St. Croix youth are educated in four primary school districts. These districts are:
• Siren School District (102 students/20% of the student body)
• Webster School District (126/16.8%)
• Unity School District (82/7.4%)
• Cumberland School District (58/4.9%)

(Source: Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction)

St. Croix operates a Head Start Program for Native American and non-Native American children ages 3 to 5. Funding comes from the federal Head Start Bureau with a 20% tribal match.